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第二期

学汉字有方法
发布时间 : 2015-04-04 09:45:21
浏览次数 : 734

学汉字有方法

Xué Hànzì Yǒu Fāngfǎ

学习建议:

Xuéxí jiànyì:

文章级别:HSK3-4

Wénzhānɡ jíbié: HSK3-4jí

 

  1. 学习主题:了解一位高级留学生学习汉字的方法

Xuéxí zhǔtí: Liǎojiě yí wèi ɡāojí liúxuéshēnɡ xuéxí Hànzì de fānɡfǎ

  1. 学习方式:快速阅读,了解李伟棋学汉语的故事,看看他对学汉字的想法。

Xuéxí fānɡshì: Kuàisù yuèdú,liǎojiě Lǐ Wěiqí xué Hànyǔ de ɡùshi,kànkan tā duì xué Hànzì de xiǎnɡfǎ.

  1. 学习时长:1课时(50分钟/课时)

Xuéxí shícháng: 1kèshí (50fēnzhōnɡ /kèshí )

  1. 微信学习:回复“XHZ”可以一边听一边看

Wēixìn xuéxí: Huífù “XHZ” kěyǐ yìbiān tīng yìbiān kàn

 

我叫Omar Razzaq,中文名叫李伟棋,我是阿富汗喀布尔大学孔子学院的本土汉语教师。

Wǒ jiào Omar Razzaq,Zhōnɡwén míng jiào Lǐ Wěiqí, wǒ shì Āfùhàn Kābù'ěr Dàxué Kǒnɡzǐ Xuéyuàn de běntǔ Hànyǔ jiàoshī.

目前是北京语言大学汉语国际教育硕士生。

Mùqián shì Běijīnɡ Yǔyán Dàxué Hànyǔ ɡuójì jiàoyù shuòshìshēnɡ.

高考那一年我偶然了解到在阿富汗最著名的大学里成立了一所孔子学院,

Gāokǎo nà yì nián wǒ ǒurán liǎojiědào zài Āfùhàn zuì zhùmínɡ de dàxué lǐ chénɡlìle yī suǒ Kǒnɡzi Xuéyuàn,

因着对汉语的热爱,于是就毫不犹豫地选择了学习汉语。

yúshì jiù háobù-yóuyù de xuǎnzéle xuéxí Hànyǔ.

经过努力的备考后,我成功地考入了喀布尔大学孔子学院汉语系,开始了我的汉语学习之旅。

Jīnɡɡuò nǔlì de bèikǎo hòu, wǒ chénɡɡōnɡ de kǎorùle Kābù'ěr Dàxué Kǒnɡzi Xuéyuàn Hànyǔxì, kāishǐle wǒ de Hànyǔ xuéxí zhī lǚ.

我学习汉语已有五年了,在这五年中,我的梦想逐渐成为现实,

Wǒ xuéxí Hànyǔ yǐ yǒu wǔ nián le, zài zhè wǔ nián zhōng, wǒ de mènɡxiǎnɡ zhújiàn chénɡwéi xiànshí,

我的人生观、世界观也发生了变化,我的自我价值也得到了实现。

wǒ de rénshēnɡɡuān, shìjièɡuān yě fāshēnɡle biànhuà,wǒ de zìwǒ jiàzhí yě dédàole shíxiàn.

 

 我想跟大家分享一下我关于学习汉字的想法。

 Wǒ xiǎng gēn dàjiā fēnxiǎnɡ yíxià wǒ ɡuānyú xuéxí Hànzì de xiǎnɡfǎ.

 

在学习汉语的过程中,很多外国朋友觉得学汉语很难,特别是汉字。

Zài xuéxí Hànyǔ de ɡuòchénɡ zhōnɡ, hěn duō wàiɡuó pénɡyou juéde xué Hànyǔ hěn nán, tèbié shì Hànzì.

我个人觉得学汉字并没有想象中的那么难,接下来我会用具体的例子来说明。
wǒ ɡèrén juéde xué Hànzì bìnɡ méiyǒu xiǎnɡxiànɡ zhōng de nàme nán,jiēxiàlai wǒ huì yòng jùtǐ de lìzi lái shuōmíng.

汉语里的汉字有60,000个左右,大家一听汉字有这么多,很多人会自言自语说太难了,怎么才能学会这么多汉字呢?

Hànyǔ lǐ de Hànzì yǒu 60,000 gè zuǒyòu, dàjiā yī tīng Hànzì yǒu zhème duō, hěn duō rén huì zìyán-zìyǔ shuō tài nán le, zěnme cái nénɡ xué huì zhème duō Hànzì ne?

 

那下面我就跟大家分享一下我教汉字的方法。相信这个方法可以帮助大家有效地消除对汉字的畏惧感。

 

Nà xiàmian wǒ jiù gēn dàjiā fēnxiǎnɡ yíxià wǒ jiāo Hànzì de fānɡfǎ. Xiānɡxìn zhè ɡè fānɡfǎ kěyǐ bānɡzhù dàjiā yǒuxiào de xiāochú duì Hànzì de wèijùgǎn.

 

 第一天去上初级课我就告诉学生们:你们不需要记住那么多汉字,

 Dìyī tiān qù shàng chūjí kè wǒ jiù ɡàosu xuéshenɡmen: Nǐmen bù xūyào jìzhù nàme duō Hànzì,

 

如果你们只是为了交流而学汉语,那你们只需要学3000个左右的汉字就可以进行基本交流了。

rúɡuǒ nǐmen zhǐshì wèile jiāoliú ér xué Hànyǔ, nà nǐmen zhǐ xūyào xué 3000 gè zuǒyòu de Hànzì jiù kěyǐ jìnxínɡ jīběn jiāoliú le.

 

如果是专业学习汉语的话那就需要学习6000 个左右的汉字。

Rúɡuǒ shì zhuānyè xuéxí Hànyǔ de huà nà jiù xūyào xuéxí 6000 gè zuǒyòu de Hànzì.

 

按照我的经验,在三年内能很轻松地学6000个汉字。

Ànzhào wǒ de jīnɡyàn, zài sān nián nèi néng hěn qīnɡsōng de xué 6000 gè Hànzì.

 

这六千汉字可以分为三个阶段,初级,中级和高级。每一个时间段内,你们只需要学习2000个汉字。

Zhè liùqiān Hànzì kěyǐ fēn wéi sān gè jiēduàn, chūjí, zhōnɡjí hé ɡāojí. Měi yī ɡè shíjiānduàn nèi,nǐmen zhǐ xūyào xuéxí 2000 gè Hànzì.

按专业课算的话你们初级一年,中级一年,高级一年。

Àn zhuānyèkè suàn de huà nǐmen chūjí yī nián,zhōnɡjí yī nián,ɡāojí yīnián. ,

一年我们有365天,那么每天需要学习的汉字就是2000/365=5.5 大概六个汉字吧,

Yīnián wǒmen yǒu 365tiān. nàme měi tiān xūyào xuéxí de Hànzì jiùshì 2000/365=5.5 dàɡài liù gè Hànzì ba,

 

 而一天之内我们大概有12个小时的时间是可以利用的。

Ér yī tiān zhī nèi wǒmen dàɡài yǒu 12 gè xiǎoshí de shíjiān shì kěyǐ lìyònɡ de.

 

现在问你们一个问题: 你们觉得在12个小时内学六个汉字多吗? 

Xiànzài wèn nǐmen yī ɡè wèntí: Nǐmen juéde zài 12 gè xiǎoshí nèi xué liù gè Hànzì duō ma?

 

汉语是世界上最有魅力的语言之一。作为一名老师,我很想告诉其他老师们,

Hànyǔ shì shìjiè shànɡ zuì yǒu mèilì de yǔyán zhī yī. Zuòwéi yī míng lǎoshī, wǒ hěn xiǎng ɡàosu qítā lǎoshī men,

如果你们想要教汉语,那么在上第一课的时候就告诉学生们“请不要觉得汉语是世界上最难的语言。”

rúɡuǒ nǐmen xiǎng yào jiāo Hànyǔ, nàme zài shàng dì-yī kè de shíhou jiù ɡàosu xuéshenɡmen “qǐng búyào juéde Hànyǔ shì shìjiè shànɡ zuì nán de yǔyán. ”

 

那个时候你们就可以和他们讲讲我上述的道理了。

Nà ɡè shíhou nǐmen jiù kěyǐ hé tāmen jiǎngjiǎng wǒ shànɡshù de dàolǐ le.

 

生词:

shēng cí:

 

  1. 偶然:[形]没有想到的,不是一定要发生的,如:我们是在一家书店偶然认识的。

ǒurán: [xíng] méiyǒu xiǎnɡdào de, bú shì yídìnɡ yào fāshēnɡ de.Rú: Wǒmen shì zài yì jiā shūdiàn ǒurán rènshí de.

 

  1. 毫不犹豫:没有一点儿犹豫,很快做了决定。如:面对这两家公司,哥哥毫不犹豫地选了大公司。

háobù-yóuyù: méiyǒu yìdiǎnr yóuyù, hěn kuài zuòle juédìnɡ. Rú: Miànduì zhè liǎng jiā ɡōnɡsī, ɡēɡe háobù-yóuyù de xuǎnle dà ɡōnɡsī.

 

  1. 逐渐:[副]慢慢地,一步一步地,如:来中国三个月以后,我才逐渐习惯用筷子吃饭。   

Zhújiàn: [fù] mànmàn de, yí bù yí bù de, Rú: Lái Zhōnɡɡuó sān gè yuè yǐ hòu, wǒ cái zhújiàn xíɡuàn yòng kuàizi chīfàn.

 

4.自我价值:自己的作用,如:要想快乐,你就得实现自我价值,做你做得好的事情。

zìwǒ jiàzhí: zìjǐ de zuòyònɡ. Rú: Yào xiǎng kuàilè, nǐ jiù děi shíxiàn zìwǒ jiàzhí, zuò nǐ zuò dé hǎo de shìqinɡ.

5.有魅力:形容一个人的特点和美让大家喜欢,如:他非常有魅力,在公司里很受欢迎。

yǒu mèilì: xíngróng yí ɡè rén de tèdiǎn hé měi ràng dàjiā xǐhuan.Rú: Tā fēichánɡ yǒu mèilì,zài ɡōnɡsī lǐ hěn shòu huānyínɡ.

 

6.上述:[名]上面说的,如:上述事情就是我想告诉大家的。

shànɡshù: [míng] shànɡmian shuō de.Rú: Shànɡshù shìqinɡ jiùshì wǒ xiǎng ɡàosu dàjiā de.

 

How to learn Chinese characters?

My name is Omar Razzaq, Chinese named Li Weiqi, I am one of  Afghanistan Kabul university Confucius institute  local Chinese teachers.  now  in Beijing language and culture university Chinese international education master's. The university entrance exam that year I accidentally learned in Afghanistan's most famous universities set up a Confucius institute, hence to chose to learn Chinese. After efforts to prepare for, I succeeded in Kabul, was admitted to the university because of Confucius institute, started my journey to learning Chinese. I've been learning Chinese for five years, during the five years, my dream become reality, my outlook on life, world outlook has also changed,

My self-worth have been realized.

I would like to share with you my thoughts about learning Chinese characters. College in the process of learning Chinese, many foreign friends find it hard to learn Chinese, especially Chinese characters.  I think learning Chinese is not as difficult as I thought, then I will use concrete examples to illustrate. College there are about 60000 Chinese characters in Chinese, everybody think that chinese language have so many characters, a lot of people to think that learning characters are so  difficult, how can i should  learn that so many Chinese characters? The below I will share with you my method of teaching Chinese characters. Believe that the method can help you effectively eliminate fear of Chinese characters. College on the first day of junior class I would tell the students: you don't need to remember so many characters, if you just in order to communicate and learn Chinese, you only need to learn about 3000 Chinese characters can communicate basic. If be the word professional learning Chinese will need to learn about 6000 Chinese characters. In my experience, can easily learn 6000 Chinese characters in three years. The six thousand Chinese characters can be divided into three stages, primary, intermediate and advanced. Every time, you only need to learn, 2000 characters. Calculate by specialized course if your junior year, intermediate year, senior year. We have 365 days a year, so every day to learn the Chinese characters is 2000/365 = 5.5 probably six characters. And we are about 12 hours in a day's time is available. Now ask you a question: what do you think learning more than six characters in 12 hours is so hard ?  

College Chinese is one of the most attractive language in the world. As a teacher, I would like to tell other teachers, if you want to teach Chinese, and so on in the first class when I was told the students "please don't think Chinese is the most difficult languages in the world." 

编者:李伟棋

Biānzhě: Lǐ Wěiqí

OEM:201107272203261305